Swedish Geneticist Svante Pääbo Conferred Nobel Prize In Physiology or Medicine
Svante Pääbo, a Swedish geneticist, was given the physiology or medicine prize for 2022 for "his discoveries relating the genomes of extinct hominins and human evolution" on Monday, October 3, 2022.
Paleogenomics, a brand-new scientific field, was founded by him. His research uncovered genetic variations that set modern humans apart from extinct hominins. The findings of Pääbo serve as the foundation for investigating what makes humans special.
The Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to American researchers David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian last year "for their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch."
History Of Nobel Prize In Physiology Or Medicine
Alfred Nobel, a Swedish scientist, left the majority of his wealth to the Nobel Prizes in his last will and testament, which he signed on November 27, 1895. One portion of Alfred Nobel's estate was designated in his will to be given to "the individual who shall have produced the most important discovery within the field of physiology or medicine."
Emil von Behring received the first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1901 for his contributions to serum therapy, particularly when it came to diphtheria.
Since 1901, up to 112 Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine have been given out. On the official website of the Nobel Prize Organization, it is stated that 39 medical awards have exclusively gone to one laureate, 34 awards have been split between two laureates, and 39 awards have been split among three laureates.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to as many as 12 women thus far.
Gerty Cori was the first American to win a Nobel Prize in a scientific subject and the first woman to win a Novel Prize in Medicine. Carl, Cori's husband and longtime research colleague, and she shared the Nobel Prize.
At the age of 87, Peyton Rous received the award he received in 1966 for his discovery of viruses that cause tumours. Peyton Rous was the oldest medicine laureate recipient.